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Validation of Documents

Validation of Documents - Application Side

You don't need to validate your documents in the lifecycle events. Its only one of many options. Of course you can also perform validations in value setters or any other method of your documents that are used in your code.

Documents can register lifecycle event methods with Doctrine that are called on different occasions. For validation we would need to hook into the events called before persisting and updating. Even though we don't support validation out of the box, the implementation is even simpler than in Doctrine 1 and you will get the additional benefit of being able to re-use your validation in any other part of your domain.

Say we have an Order with several OrderLine instances. We never want to allow any customer to order for a larger sum than he is allowed to:

1<?php class Order { public function assertCustomerAllowedBuying(): void { $orderLimit = $this->customer->getOrderLimit(); $amount = 0; foreach ($this->orderLines AS $line) { $amount += $line->getAmount(); } if ($amount > $orderLimit) { throw new CustomerOrderLimitExceededException(); } } }
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Now this is some pretty important piece of business logic in your code, enforcing it at any time is important so that customers with a unknown reputation don't owe your business too much money.

We can enforce this constraint in any of the metadata drivers. First Annotations:

  • PHP
    1<?php /** @Document @HasLifecycleCallbacks */ class Order { /** @PrePersist @PreUpdate */ public function assertCustomerAllowedBuying(): void {} }
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  • XML
    1<doctrine-mapping> <document name="Order"> <lifecycle-callbacks> <lifecycle-callback type="prePersist" method="assertCustomerallowedBuying" /> <lifecycle-callback type="preUpdate" method="assertCustomerallowedBuying" /> </lifecycle-callbacks> </document> </doctrine-mapping>
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Now validation is performed whenever you call DocumentManager#persist($order) or when you call DocumentManager#flush() and an order is about to be updated. Any Exception that happens in the lifecycle callbacks will be cached by the DocumentManager and the current transaction is rolled back.

Of course you can do any type of primitive checks, not null, email-validation, string size, integer and date ranges in your validation callbacks.

1<?php /** @Document @HasLifecycleCallbacks */ class Order { /** @PrePersist @PreUpdate */ public function validate(): void { if (!($this->plannedShipDate instanceof DateTime)) { throw new ValidateException(); } if ($this->plannedShipDate->format('U') < time()) { throw new ValidateException(); } if ($this->customer === null) { throw new OrderRequiresCustomerException(); } } }
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What is nice about lifecycle events is, you can also re-use the methods at other places in your domain, for example in combination with your form library. Additionally there is no limitation in the number of methods you register on one particular event, i.e. you can register multiple methods for validation in PrePersist or PreUpdate or mix and share them in any combinations between those two events.

There is no limit to what you can and can't validate in PrePersist and PreUpdate as long as you don't create new document instances. This was already discussed in the previous blog post on the Versionable extension, which requires another type of event called onFlush.

Further readings: Lifecycle Events

Validation of Documents - Database Side

This feature has been introduced in version 2.3.0

MongoDB ≥ 3.6 offers the capability to validate documents during insertions and updates through a schema associated to the collection (cf. MongoDB documentation).

Doctrine MongoDB ODM now provides a way to take advantage of this functionality thanks to the new @Validation annotation and its properties (also available with XML mapping):

  • validator - The schema that will be used to validate documents. It is a string representing a BSON document under the Extended JSON specification.
  • action - The behavior followed by MongoDB to handle documents that violate the validation rules.
  • level - The threshold used by MongoDB to filter operations that will get validated.

Once defined, those options will be added to the collection after running the odm:schema:create or odm:schema:update command.

  • PHP
    1<?php namespace Documents; use Doctrine\ODM\MongoDB\Mapping\Annotations as ODM; use Doctrine\ODM\MongoDB\Mapping\ClassMetadata; /** * @ODM\Document * @ODM\Validation( * validator=SchemaValidated::VALIDATOR, * action=ClassMetadata::SCHEMA_VALIDATION_ACTION_WARN, * level=ClassMetadata::SCHEMA_VALIDATION_LEVEL_MODERATE, * ) */ class SchemaValidated { public const VALIDATOR = <<<'EOT' { "$jsonSchema": { "required": ["name"], "properties": { "name": { "bsonType": "string", "description": "must be a string and is required" } } }, "$or": [ { "phone": { "$type": "string" } }, { "email": { "$regex": { "$regularExpression" : { "pattern": "@mongodb\\.com$", "options": "" } } } }, { "status": { "$in": [ "Unknown", "Incomplete" ] } } ] } EOT; /** @ODM\Id */ private $id; /** @ODM\Field(type="string") */ private $name; /** @ODM\Field(type="string") */ private $phone; /** @ODM\Field(type="string") */ private $email; /** @ODM\Field(type="string") */ private $status; }
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  • XML
    1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <doctrine-mongo-mapping xmlns="http://doctrine-project.org/schemas/odm/doctrine-mongo-mapping" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://doctrine-project.org/schemas/odm/doctrine-mongo-mapping http://doctrine-project.org/schemas/odm/doctrine-mongo-mapping.xsd"> <document name="SchemaValidated"> <schema-validation action="warn" level="moderate"> { "$jsonSchema": { "required": ["name"], "properties": { "name": { "bsonType": "string", "description": "must be a string and is required" } } }, "$or": [ { "phone": { "$type": "string" } }, { "email": { "$regex": { "$regularExpression" : { "pattern": "@mongodb\\.com$", "options": "" } } } }, { "status": { "$in": [ "Unknown", "Incomplete" ] } } ] } </schema-validation> </document> </doctrine-mongo-mapping>
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Please refer to the @Validation annotation reference for more details on how to use this feature.