You are browsing a version that has not yet been released.

Configuration

Getting a Connection

You can get a DBAL Connection through the Doctrine\DBAL\DriverManager class.

1<?php //.. $connectionParams = [ 'dbname' => 'mydb', 'user' => 'user', 'password' => 'secret', 'host' => 'localhost', 'driver' => 'pdo_mysql', ]; $conn = \Doctrine\DBAL\DriverManager::getConnection($connectionParams);
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Or, using the simpler URL form:

1<?php //.. $connectionParams = [ 'url' => 'mysql://user:[email protected]/mydb', ]; $conn = \Doctrine\DBAL\DriverManager::getConnection($connectionParams);
2
3
4
5
6

The DriverManager returns an instance of Doctrine\DBAL\Connection which is a wrapper around the underlying driver connection (which is often a PDO instance).

The following sections describe the available connection parameters in detail.

Connecting using a URL

The easiest way to specify commonly used connection parameters is using a database URL. The scheme is used to specify a driver, the user and password in the URL encode user and password for the connection, followed by the host and port parts (the authority). The path after the authority part represents the name of the database, sans the leading slash. Any query parameters are used as additional connection parameters.

The scheme names representing the drivers are the driver names with any underscores in their name replaced with a hyphen (to make them legal in URL scheme names).

For example, to connect to a foo MySQL database using the pdo_mysql driver on localhost port 4486 with the charset option set to utf8mb4, you would use the following URL:

pdo-mysql://localhost:4486/foo?charset=utf8mb4

In the example above, mind the dashes instead of the underscores in the URL scheme.

For connecting to an SQLite database, the authority portion of the URL is obviously irrelevant and thus can be omitted. The path part of the URL is, like for all other drivers, stripped of its leading slash, resulting in a relative file name for the database:

pdo-sqlite:///somedb.sqlite

This would access somedb.sqlite in the current working directory and is identical to the following:

pdo-sqlite://ignored:[email protected]:1234/somedb.sqlite

To specify an absolute file path, e.g. /usr/local/var/db.sqlite, simply use that as the database name, which results in two leading slashes for the path part of the URL, and four slashes in total after the URL scheme name and its following colon:

pdo-sqlite:////usr/local/var/db.sqlite

Which is, again, identical to supplying ignored user/pass/authority:

pdo-sqlite://notused:[email protected]//usr/local/var/db.sqlite

To connect to an in-memory SQLite instance, use :memory: as the database name:

pdo-sqlite:///:memory:

Any information extracted from the URL overwrites existing values for the parameter in question, but the rest of the information is merged together. You could, for example, have a URL without the charset setting in the query string, and then add a charset connection parameter next to url, to provide a default value in case the URL doesn't contain a charset value.

Driver

The driver specifies the actual implementations of the DBAL interfaces to use. It can be configured in one of three ways:

  • driver: The built-in driver implementation to use. The following drivers are currently available:
    • pdo_mysql: A MySQL driver that uses the pdo_mysql PDO extension.
    • mysqli: A MySQL driver that uses the mysqli extension.
    • pdo_sqlite: An SQLite driver that uses the pdo_sqlite PDO extension.
    • sqlite3: An SQLite driver that uses the sqlite3 extension.
    • pdo_pgsql: A PostgreSQL driver that uses the pdo_pgsql PDO extension.
    • pdo_oci: An Oracle driver that uses the pdo_oci PDO extension. Note that this driver caused problems in our tests. Prefer the oci8 driver if possible.
    • pdo_sqlsrv: A Microsoft SQL Server driver that uses pdo_sqlsrv PDO
    • sqlsrv: A Microsoft SQL Server driver that uses the sqlsrv PHP extension.
    • oci8: An Oracle driver that uses the oci8 PHP extension.
  • driverClass: Specifies a custom driver implementation if no 'driver' is specified. This allows the use of custom drivers that are not part of the Doctrine DBAL itself.

Wrapper Class

By default a Doctrine\DBAL\Connection is wrapped around a driver Connection. The wrapperClass option allows specifying a custom wrapper implementation to use, however, a custom wrapper class must be a subclass of Doctrine\DBAL\Connection.

Connection Details

The connection details identify the database to connect to as well as the credentials to use. The connection details can differ depending on the used driver. The following sections describe the options recognized by each built-in driver.

pdo_sqlite

  • user (string): Username to use when connecting to the database.
  • password (string): Password to use when connecting to the database.
  • path (string): The filesystem path to the database file. Mutually exclusive with memory. path takes precedence.
  • memory (boolean): True if the SQLite database should be in-memory (non-persistent). Mutually exclusive with path. path takes precedence.

sqlite3

  • path (string): The filesystem path to the database file. Mutually exclusive with memory.
  • memory (boolean): True if the SQLite database should be in-memory (non-persistent). Mutually exclusive with path.

pdo_mysql

  • user (string): Username to use when connecting to the database.
  • password (string): Password to use when connecting to the database.
  • host (string): Hostname of the database to connect to.
  • port (integer): Port of the database to connect to.
  • dbname (string): Name of the database/schema to connect to.
  • unix_socket (string): Name of the socket used to connect to the database.
  • charset (string): The charset used when connecting to the database.

mysqli

  • user (string): Username to use when connecting to the database.
  • password (string): Password to use when connecting to the database.
  • host (string): Hostname of the database to connect to.
  • port (integer): Port of the database to connect to.
  • dbname (string): Name of the database/schema to connect to.
  • unix_socket (string): Name of the socket used to connect to the database.
  • charset (string): The charset used when connecting to the database.
  • ssl_key (string): The path name to the key file to use for SSL encryption.
  • ssl_cert (string): The path name to the certificate file to use for SSL encryption.
  • ssl_ca (string): The path name to the certificate authority file to use for SSL encryption.
  • ssl_capath (string): The pathname to a directory that contains trusted SSL CA certificates in PEM format.
  • ssl_cipher (string): A list of allowable ciphers to use for SSL encryption.
  • driverOptions Any supported flags for mysqli found on `http://www.php.net/manual/en/mysqli.real-connect.php`

pdo_pgsql

PostgreSQL behaves differently with regard to booleans when you use PDO::ATTR_EMULATE_PREPARES or not. To switch from using 'true' and 'false' as strings you can change to integers by using: $conn->getDatabasePlatform()->setUseBooleanTrueFalseStrings($flag).

pdo_oci / oci8

  • user (string): Username to use when connecting to the database.
  • password (string): Password to use when connecting to the database.
  • host (string): Hostname of the database to connect to.
  • port (integer): Port of the database to connect to.
  • dbname (string): Name of the database/schema to connect to.
  • servicename (string): Optional name by which clients can connect to the database instance. Will be used as Oracle's SID connection parameter if given and defaults to Doctrine's dbname connection parameter value.
  • service (boolean): Whether to use Oracle's SERVICE_NAME connection parameter in favour of SID when connecting. The value for this will be read from Doctrine's servicename if given, dbname otherwise.
  • pooled (boolean): Whether to enable database resident connection pooling.
  • charset (string): The charset used when connecting to the database.
  • instancename (string): Optional parameter, complete whether to add the INSTANCE_NAME parameter in the connection. It is generally used to connect to an Oracle RAC server to select the name of a particular instance.
  • connectstring (string): Complete Easy Connect connection descriptor, see https://docs.oracle.com/database/121/NETAG/naming.htm. When using this option, you will still need to provide the user and password parameters, but the other parameters will no longer be used. Note that when using this parameter, the getHost and getPort methods from Doctrine\DBAL\Connection will no longer function as expected.
  • persistent (boolean): Whether to establish a persistent connection.

pdo_sqlsrv / sqlsrv

  • user (string): Username to use when connecting to the database.
  • password (string): Password to use when connecting to the database.
  • host (string): Hostname of the database to connect to.
  • port (integer): Port of the database to connect to.
  • dbname (string): Name of the database/schema to connect to.

Automatic platform version detection

Doctrine ships with different database platform implementations for some vendors to support version specific features, dialect and behaviour.

The drivers will automatically detect the platform version and instantiate the corresponding platform class.

You can also pass the serverVersion option if you want to disable automatic database platform detection and choose the platform version implementation explicitly.

Custom Driver Options

The driverOptions option allows to pass arbitrary options through to the driver. This is equivalent to the fourth argument of the PDO constructor.