You are browsing a version that has not yet been released.


Platforms abstract query generation and the subtle differences of the supported database vendors. In most cases you don't need to interact with the Doctrine\DBAL\Platforms package a lot, but there might be certain cases when you are programming database independent where you want to access the platform to generate queries for you.

The platform can be accessed from any Doctrine\DBAL\Connection instance by calling the getDatabasePlatform() method.

1<?php $platform = $conn->getDatabasePlatform();

Each database driver has a platform associated with it by default. Several drivers also share the same platform, for example PDO_OCI and OCI8 share the OraclePlatform.

Doctrine provides abstraction for different versions of platforms if necessary to represent their specific features and dialects. For example has Microsoft added support for sequences in their 2012 version. Therefore Doctrine offers a separate platform class for this extending the previous 2008 version. The 2008 version adds support for additional data types which in turn don't exist in the previous 2005 version and so on. A list of available platform classes that can be used for each vendor can be found as follows:


  • MySQLPlatform for version 5.7.9 and above.
  • MySQL80Platform for version 8.0 and above.
  • MySQL84Platform for version 8.4 and above.


  • MariaDBPlatform for version 10.4.3 and above.
  • MariaDB1052Platform for version 10.5.2 and above.
  • MariaDB1060Platform for version 10.6 and above.
  • MariaDB1010Platform for version 10.10 and above.


  • OraclePlatform for version 18c ( and above.

Microsoft SQL Server

  • SQLServerPlatform for version 2017 and above.


  • PostgreSQLPlatform for version 9.4 and above.
  • PostgreSQL100Platform for version 10.0 and above.


  • Db2Platform for all versions.


  • SQLitePlatform for all versions.

It is highly encouraged to use the platform class that matches your database vendor and version best. Otherwise it is not guaranteed that the compatibility in terms of SQL dialect and feature support between Doctrine DBAL and the database server will always be given.

If you want to overwrite parts of your platform you can do so when creating a connection. There is a platform option you can pass an instance of the platform you want the connection to use:

1<?php $myPlatform = new MyPlatform(); $options = [ 'driver' => 'pdo_sqlite', 'path' => 'database.sqlite', 'platform' => $myPlatform, ]; $conn = DriverManager::getConnection($options);

This way you can optimize your schema or generated SQL code with features that might not be portable for instance, however are required for your special needs. This can include using triggers or views to simulate features or adding behaviour to existing SQL functions.

Platforms are also responsible to know which database type translates to which PHP Type. This is a very tricky issue across all the different database vendors, for example MySQL BIGINT and Oracle NUMBER should be handled as integer. Doctrine DBAL offers a powerful way to abstract the database to php and back conversion, which is described in the next section.