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In many cases associations between entities can get pretty large. Even in a simple scenario like a blog. where posts can be commented, you always have to assume that a post draws hundreds of comments. In Doctrine ORM if you accessed an association it would always get loaded completely into memory. This can lead to pretty serious performance problems, if your associations contain several hundreds or thousands of entities.
Doctrine ORM includes a feature called Extra Lazy for associations. Associations are marked as Lazy by default, which means the whole collection object for an association is populated the first time its accessed. If you mark an association as extra lazy the following methods on collections can be called without triggering a full load of the collection:
Collection#slice($offset, $length = null)
For each of the above methods the following semantics apply:
- For each call, if the Collection is not yet loaded, issue a straight SELECT statement against the database.
- For each call, if the collection is already loaded, fallback to the default functionality for lazy collections. No additional SELECT statements are executed.
Additionally even with Doctrine ORM the following methods do not trigger the collection load:
Collection#offsetSet($key, $entity)- ArrayAccess with no specific key
$coll = $entity, it does not work when setting specific keys like
$coll = $entity.
With extra lazy collections you can now not only add entities to large collections but also paginate them
easily using a combination of
The mapping configuration is simple. Instead of using the default value of
fetch="LAZY" you have to
switch to extra lazy as shown in these examples:
1 <doctrine-mapping xmlns="http://doctrine-project.org/schemas/orm/doctrine-mapping" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://doctrine-project.org/schemas/orm/doctrine-mapping https://www.doctrine-project.org/schemas/orm/doctrine-mapping.xsd"> <entity name="Doctrine\Tests\Models\CMS\CmsGroup"> <!-- ... --> <many-to-many field="users" target-entity="CmsUser" mapped-by="groups" fetch="EXTRA_LAZY" /> </entity> </doctrine-mapping> 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11