[DBAL-345] When inserting decimals into Oracle, getting ORA-01722: invalid number Created: 04/Sep/12  Updated: 17/Sep/12  Resolved: 17/Sep/12

Status: Resolved
Project: Doctrine DBAL
Component/s: None
Affects Version/s: 2.2.2
Fix Version/s: 2.3
Security Level: All

Type: Bug Priority: Major
Reporter: Christian S. Assignee: Benjamin Eberlei
Resolution: Fixed Votes: 0
Labels: decimal, number, oracle, separator

Windows 7 (German), Oracle XE 11.2.0, Doctrine 2.2.2, Symfony 2.0.15


When I insert decimals into database I get the following error message:

ORA-01722: invalid number

Oracle wants decimals (e.g. NUMBER(5,2)) separated by comma instead of a dot. I think the reason is that I use the german version of Windows. I tried to modify the following method of \Doctrine\DBAL\Driver\OCI8\OCI8Statement::bindValue() just for testing of course:

    public function bindValue($param, $value, $type = null)
        if (is_float($value)) {
            $value = str_replace('.', ',', (string) $value); // <--
        return $this->bindParam($param, $value, $type);

With this modification I do not get the error anymore.
It would be great if a solution could be found. The strange thing is, if I query "SELECT * from nls_database_parameters where PARAMETER='NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS'" I get ".," which means that a dot is already used as decimal separator. Maybe Oracle preferes the Locale of the OS?!
Maybe you could provide a setting which defines what separator should be used for decimals.

I found some Links that might be interesting regarding this issue:

Comment by Christian S. [ 04/Sep/12 ]

I found out that the database session has the parameter 'NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS', too.
When I query it by the following SQL query:

SELECT parameter,value FROM v$nls_parameters WHERE parameter = 'NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS'

I get this result:


With doctrine I can get the parameter with this (in Symfony2):

$conn = $this->getDoctrine()->getEntityManager()->getConnection(); /* @var $conn \Doctrine\DBAL\Connection */
$query = $conn->executeQuery("SELECT parameter,value FROM v\$nls_parameters WHERE parameter = 'NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS'"); /* @var $query \Doctrine\DBAL\Driver\OCI8\OCI8Statement */
$result = $query->fetchAll(\PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);

In this case I get this output:

[0] => Array
[VALUE] => ,.


And with


I can change the parameter.

When I execute the above query before I do my insert with decimal values, everything works as expected
But it would be nicer if I could do that with a configuration.

Comment by Benjamin Eberlei [ 05/Sep/12 ]

There is an Oci8SessionInitListener inside Doctrine DBAL. It does not yet contain the numeric character change. Can you open a pull request on Github DBAL to add this?

Comment by Christian S. [ 13/Sep/12 ]

Hi Benjamin.
I have opened a pull request on Githup: https://github.com/doctrine/dbal/pull/197
I hope everything is correct, because this is my first Pull-Request

Comment by Benjamin Eberlei [ 17/Sep/12 ]

A related Github Pull-Request [GH-197] was closed

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