Doctrine 2 - ORM
  1. Doctrine 2 - ORM
  2. DDC-1958

pager produces wrong results on postgresql

    Details

    • Type: Bug Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Priority: Major Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Affects Version/s: 2.3
    • Fix Version/s: 2.3.1
    • Component/s: Tools
    • Security Level: All
    • Labels:
    • Environment:
      * Postgres 9.1, 9.2
      * PHP 5.4

      Description

      The query build by pager to get the subset of PKs to fetch produces wrong results on potgresql (and probably any database), that conforms to the SQL standard. The standard says, that if you wish to have the results in specific order, then you have to specify that by using an ORDER BY clause. If such a clause is not present the database can return the results in whatever order it sees fit.

      Testcase fixtures:

      CREATE TABLE test (
          id integer,
          name text
      );
      
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (1, 'c');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (2, 'a');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (3, 'e');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (4, 'b');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (5, 'd');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (6, 'a');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (7, 'g');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (8, 'h');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (9, 'e');
      INSERT INTO test VALUES (10, 'j');
      

      Passing f.e.

      $qb = $this->repository
          ->createQueryBuilder('t')
          ->select('t')
          ->setFirstResult(0)
          ->setMaxResults(5)
          ->addOrderBy('t.name', 'ASC')
      

      to pager produces SQL like this modified for readability

      SELECT DISTINCT id FROM (
          SELECT id, name FROM test ORDER BY name
        ) dctrn_result
        LIMIT 5 OFFSET 0
      

      Now there is nothing wrong with this modified query per se, but there is no ORDER BY clause in the outer query so according to the standard the DB can choose whatever order it seems fit. Now mysql chooses the same order, but postgresql does not and it's probably not the only DB doing so.

      If you are interested in the results, this is the output I'm seeing:

      • postgresql: 8,4,1,5,3
      • mysql : 2,6,4,1,5

      I and my coworker came to the standard compliant solution it was also tested on the dataset above on both postgresql and mysql and it produced equal results. We have found only one corner case this won't work and IMHO that can't be fixed. The problem is when you do a sort on a field from a table that is in 1:n relation to the main table.. e.g tables posts and tags, where one post can have a multiple tags and you want your results sorted by a tag.

      Recipe for a correct query is:

      • remember the ORDER BY fields from original query and then remove them
      • wrap the original query with a DISTINCT query, but add the fields from ORDER BY to the SELECT part of that query and add the whole ORDER BY to the end of it, also add the PK to the order by clause, and add the LIMIT clause
      • wrap the resulting query into another query and select just the id.

      so if I take the example from above the SQL should look like this:

      SELECT id FROM (
        SELECT DISTINCT id, name FROM (
          SELECT id, name FROM test
        ) dctrn_result_inner
        ORDER BY name, id LIMIT 5 OFFSET 0
      ) dctrn_result
      

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            People

            • Assignee:
              Benjamin Eberlei
              Reporter:
              Miha Vrhovnik
            • Votes:
              1 Vote for this issue
              Watchers:
              6 Start watching this issue

              Dates

              • Created:
                Updated:
                Resolved: